Trauma and Toxic Stress


Trauma and Toxic Stress

| Training | Policy | Resources for Families | Resources for Providers |


Individual trauma results from an event, series of events, or set of circumstances that is experienced by an individual as physically or emotionally harmful or life threatening and that has lasting adverse effects on the individual’s functioning and mental, physical, social, emotional, or spiritual well-being.

In its approach, the project will model and promote the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) trauma-informed “Three R’s” approach in each early childhood system. The “Embracing the Three R’s” approach requires programs, organizations and service providers to incorporate three key elements to be trauma-informed: realization of the widespread impact of trauma and understanding of potential paths for healing; recognition of the signs and symptoms of trauma in staff, clients and others involved with the program or system; and response by fully integrating knowledge about trauma into policies, procedures, practices and settings5. As existing efforts within early childhood systems are identified and new systems are engaged and integrated, they will be encouraged to understand and embrace the Three R’s approach, and provided with the tools to do so through the initiative.

View the American Academy of Pediatrics technical report, The Lifelong Effects of Early Childhood Adversity and Toxic Stress.